Print ISSN 1738-3684
On-line ISSN 1976-3026
 
 
Abstract
Volume 10. Number 3. Pages 253-8 (2013) - Original Article  
   
Nocturnal Enuresis Is Associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Conduct Problems
 
Subin Park;Bung-Nyun Kim;Jae-Won Kim;Soon-Beom Hong;Min-Sup Shin;Hee Jeong Yoo; and Soo-Churl Cho
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Objective : There are no published prevalence estimates of elimination disorders and their association with disruptive-behavior disorders among children in the Asian region using standardized diagnostic interviews. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of elimination disorders and its association with disruptive-behavior disorders in a representative sample of children in Seoul, Korea.

Methods : The diagnosis of enuresis and encopresis was derived from parent-reported data for "enuresis and encopresis," collected using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, from a representative sample of 6- to 12-year-old children (n=1,645) who participated in the 2005 Seoul Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey. Prevalence data for attention deficit and disruptive-behavior disorders were collected from the same sample.

Results : The overall 12-month prevalence of nocturnal enuresis and encopresis was 1.8% and 0.6%, respectively. Enuresis and encopresis prevalence in boys was significantly greater than that in girls. Enuresis and encopresis was most common at 7 to 9 years of age. Enuresis was significantly associated with ADHD (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.0-6.9) and conduct disorder (CD; OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.0-22.4).

Conclusion : Enuresis is significantly associated with ADHD and CD, so these conditions must be assessed together during the evaluation of children with enuresis.


Key Words
Enuresis;Encopresis;Prevalence;Comorbidities;ADHD;Conduct disorder.
 
   
 


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