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Psychiatry Investig > Epub ahead of print
[Epub ahead of print]
DOI: https://doi.org/10.30773/pi.2018.12.25.3    Published online March 7, 2019.
Post-Traumatic Stress, Quality of Life and Alcohol Use Problems among Out-of-School Youth
Yeon Jung Lee1, Moon-Soo Lee2, Sung-Doo Won3, So Hee Lee4
1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Korea University, Guro Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3Department of Clinical Psychology, Keyo Hospital, Keyo Medical Foundation, Uiwang, Republic of Korea
4Department of Psychiatry, National Medicine Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Correspondence: Sung-Doo Won ,Tel: +82-31-455-3333, Email: wonfuture@ajou.ac.kr
Correspondence: So Hee Lee ,Tel: +82-2-2260-7311, Fax: +82-2-2268-5028, Email: psyhee@hanmail.net
Received: September 25, 2018   Revised: November 20, 2018   Accepted: December 25, 2018   Published online: March 7, 2019
Abstract

Objective
Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in out-of-school youths (OSYs) may be influenced by alcohol use, but there is a lack of evidence explaining how PTSS affect alcohol use problems in OSYs. The present study aimed to investigate the relationships among PTSS, quality of life, and alcohol use in OSYs.
Methods
In total, 125 OSYs (46.4% male) in South Korea completed the Korean Version of the Child Report of Post-Traumatic Symptoms (CROPS), the KIDSCREEN-27 Quality of Life Measure for Children and Adolescents, and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption.
Results
Mean CROPS score was 18.7 (SD=11.6); 37.6% were problem drinkers. Quality of life in the domain of parent relations and autonomy significantly mediated the relationship between PTSS and alcohol use problems. OSYs with high parental satisfaction and autonomy were less likely to have alcohol use problems even with PTSS.
Conclusion
Family assessments and therapeutic approaches are needed for OSYs with both PTSS and alcohol use problems.
Key words   Student dropout, Adolescent, Post-traumatic stress disorder, Alcohol drinking, Quality of life
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