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Psychiatry Investigation 2005;2(2):6-7.
How to Prepare a Good Paper and Publication: Guidelines for Producing a Good Journal
Byoung Hoon Oh, MD, PhD
Editor-in-Chief, "Psychiatry Investigation"

Developing a good journal requires constant and consistent time and effort. "Psychiatry Investigation", the official English language journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatry Association (KNPA) was tested and revised through a workshop. The main aspect of the journal selection process for the Science Citation Index (SCI) and Index Medicus involved the examination of basic journal publishing standards, editorial content, international diversity, citation analysis, and medical ethics.
The requirements for the research papers to be included in the journal include originality, complete study design, precision, clarity, and logic, as well as their conformity to the format defined in the guidelines for the authors. The basic composition of a biomedical research paper, as defined by the Vancouver group, consists of the title and author, abstract, body of the text-introduction, the materials and methods, results, and discussion sections, the conclusion or summary, references, table, legend for figures, and figures.
Medical ethics can be divided into two aspects, namely ethics in medical research and ethics pertaining to the publication of the results. Ethical problems in clinical investigations should be evaluated by means of the three major biomedical ethical principles, viz. the principles of autonomy, the principle of beneficence, and the principle of justice. Ensuring the Good Clinical Practice (GCP) is one of the main duties of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and includes such concerns as the "ethical or scientific validity of the clinical trial, countermeasures designed to ensure the safety of the subjects, the appropriateness of the method used to select the subjects and to obtain the consent of the subjects, and the reasonableness of the regulations used for the compensation of injured subjects". Ethics in publication must take into consideration such concerns as the duplication of the publication and second publication.
To prepare a good paper, the authors can start by asking themselves four questions: "What is the message that I am trying to convey?", "What is the best format to use to convey this message?", "Who is the best audience for this message?", and "Which is the most appropriate scientific journal?".
To facilitate the process of quality control, particular attention should be given to the format of the manu-script, which should contain clear section headings including the title page. Particular emphasis should be placed on such considerations as the author's check list, copyright transfer, precise statistics (odds ratio), obtaining a rejection rate of 15-30% after the 2nd review, review and correction of the English abstract, on time publication and the correction of errata.
Finally, the manuscript peer review must be done carefully by at least two referees within 2 weeks. Significant items pointed out by the reviewers should be taken into consideration, according particular importance to such aspects as "the significance of the report, the existence of similar publications, the con-ciseness of the text, clarity of style, and the presence of essential tables and figures, adequate references, a clear abstract, and a warranted and justified conclusion". Are there any possible violations of the Helsinki doctrine on human experimentation?
The Index Medicus has good journal selection guidelines which include such elements as "the aim or purpose of the journal, the composition and role of the editorial board, the need for this new publication, the journal's target audiences, the method by which manuscripts are selected for the publication/peer review process, the kinds of papers published, and the importance of this journal to health professionals throughout the world.
The four main strategies for achieving publication are "don't be afraid of rejection, write clearly, avoid dead topics, and choose the most appropriate journal".

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