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Psychiatry Investig > Volume 15(2); 2018 > Article
Psychiatry Investigation 2018;15(2):156-163.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.30773/pi.2017.05.31.1    Published online November 29, 2017.
Gender Differences of Occupational Stress Associated with Suicidal Ideation among South Korean Employees: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study
Sun-Young Kim1, Dong-Won Shin1, Kang-Seob Oh1, Eun-Jin Kim1,2, Yang-Ri Park2, Young-Chul Shin1,2, Se-Won Lim1,2
1Department of Psychiatry, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Workplace Mental Health Institute, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Young-Chul Shin ,Tel: +82-2-2001-2591, Fax: +82-2-2001-2211, Email: yshin523@hanmail.net
Se-Won Lim ,Tel: +82-2-2001-2591, Fax: +82-2-2001-2211, Email: knappe@paran.com
Received: January 25, 2017   Revised: April 9, 2017   Accepted: May 31, 2017   Published online: November 29, 2017
Abstract
Objective
In this study, the relationship between occupational stress and suicidal ideation was investigated, focusing on gender differences among Korean employees.
Methods
Cross-sectional data for 53,969 workers were collected at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital health screening centers. Risk of suicidal ideation was assessed using a self-reported questionnaire examining suicidal ideation during the past year. Occupational stress was measured using 24 items of the Korean Occupational Stress Scale-Short Form (KOSS-SF). Logistic regression analysis was employed to estimate the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of the relationships between suicidal ideation and components of occupational stress.
Results
In multivariable-adjusted models, all job stress contributed to increased risk of suicidal ideation in males. Most subscales, except insufficient job control and organizational system, were risk factors of suicidal ideation in females. Further adjustments for depression markedly attenuated this relationship. However, the effects of insufficient job control and lack of reward on suicidal ideation remained significant in males, and interpersonal conflict remained significant in females.
Conclusion
The results suggest that occupational stress plays a significant role in increasing risk of suicidal ideation through elevation of depressive symptoms. Gender differences in components of occupational stress associated with suicidal ideation were also observed.
Keywords: Suicide, Occupational stress, Gender


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