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Psychiatry Investig > Volume 20(1); 2023 > Article
Psychiatry Investigation 2023;20(1):43-51.
DOI:    Published online January 25, 2023.
What Are the Differences in Psychological Outcomes Between People Who Posted COVID-19-Related Content on Social Media and Those Who Did Not?
Shu Zhang1  , Yanwen Zhang2,3,4  , Dini Xue5  , Huan Zhang2,3,4  , Miao Chao2,3,4  , Tour Liu2,3,4 
1Shanghai Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Psychological Crisis Intervention, School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
2Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education, Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, China
3Faculty of Psychology, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, China
4Tianjin Social Science Laboratory of Students’ Mental Development and Learning, Tianjin, China
5Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Correspondence: Tour Liu ,Email:
Received: June 1, 2022   Revised: October 14, 2022   Accepted: October 23, 2022   Published online: January 25, 2023
During the lockdown of cities and home quarantine, media became the only way for people to conveniently get coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19)-related information. And media engagement was closely related to psychological outcomes. But fewer researchers took COVID-19-related posting behaviors into consideration. Therefore, the present study aimed at examining the differences in psychological outcomes between people who posted COVID-19-related content on social media and those who did not.
The present study included 917 participants (304 males, 613 females) who had answered the questionnaires of media engagement, positive affect, negative affect, depression, anxiety, stress, satisfaction with life, death anxiety, and meaning in life.
Results of t-tests showed that the Post group had lower levels of negative affect, anxiety, stress, and death anxiety than the Not Post (Npost) group. Network comparison tests indicated that the Npost group’s network and the Post group’s network differed in global strength, two edge-weights, and node centrality indices.
The results indicated that more attention should be paid to people who did not post any COVID-19-related content, especially when they have higher levels of stress and depression to prevent comorbidities. And for people who posted content, more attention should be paid when they have a higher level of negative affect.
Key words   Media engagement; Anxiety; COVID-19; Network analysis
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