Psychiatry Investig Search


Psychiatry Investigation 2005;2(2):85-91.
Positive Association between Tourette's Disorder and Catechol-O-Methyl Transferase Gene in Korean Subjects
Boong Nyun Kim, MD;Jun-Won Hwang, MD;Min Sup Shin, PhD;Kang-E Hong, MD; and Soo Churl Cho, MD
Division of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul National University Hospital, Clinical Research Institute and Institute of Human Behavioral Medicine, Seoul, Korea
<p class="MsoPlainText" style="word-spacing: 1; line-height: 150%; margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0" align="left"><font face="HY중고딕" size="2">This study was conducted to investigate the association of the Catechol-O-Methyl Transferase (COMT) polymorphism with Tourette's disorder (TD) in a Korean sample of families with TD probands. The relationship between the risk alleles and specific clinical features (tic severity, comorbidity, drug response) was also explored. Patients were recruited from the Tic Disorder clinic at the Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Division of Seoul National University Hospital and assessed through a 2 stage evaluation. Firstly, all of the patients and parents underwent a semistructured interview using the Korean version of the Kiddie-Schedule for Affeetive Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age children, Present and Life time Version (K-SADS-PL). Secondly, all of the patients underwent a clinical interview and tic severity assessment with the Korean version of the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS). The subjects in the control group were recruited from the health promotion center of our hospital and were evaluated by means of the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-IV). Through this process, a total of 42 children and dolescents with TD, their 84 parents and 86 control subjects were finally recruited. Genotyping for the

polymorphism of the COMT gene was done by a standardized method. After the collection of the genetic data of all of the patients, parents and control subjects, a case-control comparison and transmission dysequilibrium test were performed using SPSS version 11. Based on the case-control comparison, the frequencies of the L-allele and LL genotype were significantly higher in the TD group. However, no differences were found in the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT). No significant differences were found in the family history of tic, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), drug response or comorbid conditions among the TD patients with the three different genotypes. Although the results of this study should be interpreted cautiously, due to the small sample size and negative finding in the TDT test, this is the first report of a positive association between the functional polymorphism of the COMT gene and TD.

Key words   Catechol-O-Methyl Transferase;Kourette's disorder;Transmission disequilibrium test;Association.


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